What are the surgical specialties? (2023)

The American College of Surgeons recognizes 14 surgical specialties: cardiothoracic surgery, colon and rectal surgery, general surgery, gynecology and obstetrics, gynecologic oncology, neurological surgery, ophthalmic surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthopaedic surgery, otorhinolaryngology, pediatric surgery, plastic and maxillofacial surgery, urology, and vascular surgery. The information that follows presents information on the various surgical specialties. The material was adapted from definitions put forth by the nationally recognized authority on the topic, theAmerican Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), and its approved surgical specialty boards.

General Surgery

A general surgeon is a specialist who is trained to manage a broad spectrum of surgical conditions affecting almost any area of the body. The surgeon establishes the diagnosis and provides the preoperative, operative, and post-operative care to patients and is often responsible for the comprehensive management of the trauma victim and the critically ill patient. During at least a five-year educational period after obtaining a medical degree, the surgeon acquires knowledge and technical skills in managing medical conditions that relate to the head and neck, breast, skin, and soft tissues, abdominal wall, extremities, and the gastrointestinal, vascular, and endocrine systems.

American Board of Surgery

Thoracic Surgery

Thoracic surgery involves the operative management, perioperative care, and critical care of patients with pathological conditions within the chest. Specifically, it includes surgical care for coronary artery disease; cancers of the lung, esophagus, and chest wall; abnormalities of the great vessels and heart valves; congenital anomalies; tumors of the mediastinum; and diseases of the diaphragm. The management of the airway and injuries to the chest are also areas of surgical practice for the thoracic surgeon. A thoracic surgeon possesses the knowledge, experience, and technical skill to diagnose accurately, to operate upon safely, and to manage effectively patients with intrathoracic abnormalities that are appropriate for surgical treatment. The ability to provide this kind of treatment requires substantial knowledge of cardiorespiratory physiology and oncology, as well as capability in the use of extracorporeal circulation, cardiac assist devices, management of cardiac dysrhythmias, pleural drainage, respiratory support systems, endoscopy, and other invasive and noninvasive diagnostic techniques.

Society of Thoracic Surgeons

The American Board of Thoracic Surgery

Colon and Rectal Surgery

As a result of their extensive training and experience, colon and rectal surgeons develop the knowledge and skills necessary to diagnose and treat various diseases of the intestinal tract, colon, rectum, anal canal, and perianal area through medical and surgical means. They are also able to deal surgically with other organs and tissues (such as the liver, urinary, and female reproductive systems) involved with primary intestinal disease. A colon and rectal surgeon has expertise in diagnosing and often managing anorectal conditions in the office, such as hemorrhoids, fissures (painful tears in the anal lining), abscesses, and fistulae (infections located around the anus and rectum).

Colon and rectal surgeons also treat problems of the intestine and colon and perform endoscopic procedures to detect and treat conditions of the bowel lining, such as cancer, polyps (precancerous growths), and inflammatory conditions. Colon and rectal surgeons also perform abdominal surgical procedures involving the small bowel, colon, and rectum, including treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases, such as chronic ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, diverticulitis, and cancer.

Training in colon and rectal surgery also provides the surgical specialist with an in-depth knowledge of intestinal and anorectal physiology, which is required for the evaluation and treatment of problems such as constipation and incontinence (loss of bowel control). Colon and rectal surgeons are committed to the highest standards of care for patients with diseases that affect the lower gastrointestinal tract.

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American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons

American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery

Obstetrics and Gynecology

A specialist in obstetrics and gynecology is a physician who has been trained to provide medical and surgical care for the pregnant patient, to deliver babies, and to provide medical and surgical care to treat conditions that affect the female reproductive system.

Some obstetricians/gynecologists have a strong professional interest in a specific area such as urogynecology, pelviscopy, adolescent/pediatric gynecology, or infectious diseases, and they focus their practice on one or more of these particular areas of the specialty. All of these physicians are also trained in health maintenance and preventative care for women, and they have a particular knowledge and skills that enable them to serve as consultants to physicians who practice in other areas of medicine.

There are also subspecialties in obstetrics and gynecology, which require additional training: maternal-fetal medicine specialists are obstetricians /gynecologists who are prepared to care for, and to consult on, patients with high-risk pregnancies; and reproductive endocrinologists are capable of managing complex problems related to reproductive endocrinology and infertility, including aspects of assisted reproduction, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).

American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology

American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Gynecologic Oncology

A Gynecologic Oncologist is a specialist trained in the comprehensive management of patients with gynecologic cancer–cancers that affect the female reproductive system. Surgeons practicing in this specialty study these conditions, which differ significantly in the cause, prevention, detection, treatment, and survival rates.

American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Society of Gynecologic Oncologists

Society of Surgical Oncology

Neurological Surgery

Neurological surgery is the discipline of medicine and the specialty of surgery that deals with the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of disorders of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their supporting structures and vascular supply. Neurological surgery involves the evaluation and treatment of pathological processes that modify the function or activity of the nervous system, including the pituitary gland.

American Board of Neurological Surgeons

American Association of Neurological Surgeons

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Ophthalmic Surgery

An ophthalmologist is concerned with the comprehensive care of the eyes and vision, and is the only medical practitioner who is medically trained to diagnose and treat all eye and visual problems. Ophthalmologists provide vision services (glasses and contact lenses), treat medical disorders of the eye, and perform surgical procedures for treatment.

American Board of Ophthalmology

American Academy of Ophthalmology

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to recognize and treat a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries, and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws, and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. They are also trained to administer anesthesia, and provide care in an office setting. They are trained to treat problems such as the extraction of wisdom teeth, misaligned jaws, and tumors and cysts of the jaw and mouth, and to perform dental implant surgery.

American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

Orthopaedic Surgery

Orthopaedic surgery is a surgical specialty that is specifically devoted to the care of the musculoskeletal system. This system includes bones, joints, muscles, associated nerves, arteries, and the overlying skin. Much of the orthopaedic surgeon's practice involves the performance of surgical procedures, but many conditions are treated medically or physically through the use of braces, casts, splints, or physical therapy.

Orthopaedic surgeons take care of a wide variety of problems that may be present at birth, or that may develop at any time during the lifetime of the person. Such problems can include congenital deformities, trauma, infections, tumors, degenerative conditions, and metabolic disturbances that fall into the category of musculoskeletal abnormalities. Orthopaedics may also involve the treatment of secondary muscular problems in patients who suffer from various central or peripheral nervous system lesions such as cerebral palsy, paraplegia, or stroke.

The field of orthopaedic surgery has become very broad and now encompasses a number of specialty areas. Following a standard residency experience in orthopaedic surgery, an orthopaedist may continue with an additional one- to two-year fellowship to achieve added qualifications in the following special interest areas.

Hand Surgery

This specialty focuses on the investigation and treatment of diseases, injuries, or abnormalities affecting the upper extremities. This specialty includes the performance of microvascular surgery, which is necessary for reattachment of amputated fingers or limbs.

Sports Medicine

This specialty addresses the various concerns of the person who is involved in athletics, including conditioning, equipment, and, of course, injuries to the musculoskeletal system.

Pediatric Orthopaedics

Specialists in pediatric orthopaedics address their practice to children with orthopaedic problems including scoliosis, cerebral palsy, congenital dislocation of the hips, clubfoot, and a wide variety of other conditions specifically seen in children–including trauma.

Spine Surgery

Spine surgeons work with patients who have major spine problems as a result of disease, degeneration, or trauma. Orthopaedic spine surgeons frequently work in conjunction with neurosurgeons.

Foot and Ankle Orthopaedics

This specialty is concerned with problems predominantly involving the foot and ankle that are amenable to treatment by both surgical and nonsurgical techniques.

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Joint Replacement

Specialists in joint replacement take care of damaged or worn-out joints usually by surgically replacing the joint with an artificial device. The majority of cases involve the hip or knee–and sometimes the ankle or shoulder. Most joint replacement in the hand falls into the area of expertise of the hand surgeons.

Trauma Surgery

Because of the complex nature of injuries seen today, a special area of orthopaedics is now related to the management of persons with critical or multiple injuries to the musculoskeletal system. This specialty is largely surgical in nature and involves close cooperative efforts with many other specialties in surgery.


The orthopaedic tumor surgeon specializes in the management of benign and malignant tumors affecting the musculoskeletal system. Options for treatment have expanded greatly in the past few years with the advent of chemotherapy and radiotherapy coupled with the excision of the tumor and replacement with preserved bone or joint specimens.

American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery

American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons


An otolaryngologist is a physician who has been trained to provide comprehensive medical and surgical care to patients who have diseases and disorders that affect the ears, the respiratory and upper alimentary systems, and related structures. The otolaryngologist has a command of the core of knowledge, skills, and understanding of: the basic medical sciences relevant to the head and neck; the respiratory and upper alimentary systems; the communication sciences, including knowledge of audiology and speech-language pathology; the chemical senses; and allergy, endocrinology, and neurology as they related to the head and neck. Head and neck oncology and facial plastic and reconstructive surgery are also fundamental areas of expertise for the otolaryngologist.

American Board of Otolaryngology

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

Pediatric Surgery

Pediatric surgeons are primarily concerned with the diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and postoperative management of surgical problems in children, and they operate on children whose development ranges from the newborn stage through the teenage years.

Some medical conditions in newborns are not compatible with a good quality of life unless these problems are corrected surgically. These conditions must be recognized immediately by neonatologists, pediatricians, and family physicians. Pediatric surgeons cooperate with all of the specialists involved in a child's medical care to determine whether surgery is the best option for the child.

Pediatric surgery focuses on providing surgical care for all problems or conditions affecting children that require surgical intervention. They may also have particular expertise in the following areas of responsibility.


Pediatric surgeons have specialized knowledge in the surgical repair of birth defects, some of which may be life-threatening to premature and full-term infants.


In cooperation with radiologists, pediatric surgeons use ultrasound and other technologies during the fetal stage of a child's development to detect any abnormalities. They can then plan corrective surgery and educate and get to know parents before their baby is born. In addition, prenatal diagnosis may lead to fetal surgery, which is a new forefront in the subspecialty of pediatric surgery. Application of most fetal surgical techniques is still in the experimental stage.


Because trauma is the number one killer of children in the United States, pediatric surgeons are routinely faced with critical care situations involving traumatic injuries sustained by children that may or may not require surgical intervention. Many pediatric surgeons are involved with accident prevention programs in their communities that are aimed at curbing traumatic injuries in children.

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Pediatric Oncology

Pediatric surgeons are involved in the diagnosis and surgical care of children with malignant tumors as well as those with benign growths.

American Board of Surgery

American Pediatric Association-Surgery Section

American Pediatric Surgical Association

Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery

The specialty of plastic surgery deals with the repair, replacement, and reconstruction of defects of the form and function of the body covering and its underlying musculoskeletal system, with emphasis on the craniofacial structures, the oropharynx, the upper and lower limbs, the breast, and the external genitalia. This surgical specialty also focuses on the aesthetic surgery of structures with undesirable form.

Special knowledge and skill in the design and transfer of skin flaps, in the transplantation of tissues, and in the replantation of structures are vital to the performance of plastic surgery. The plastic surgeon must also possess excellent skill in the performance of excisional surgery, in the management of complex wounds, and in the use of allopathic materials. Knowledge of surgical design, surgical diagnosis, surgical and artistic anatomy, surgical pathology, surgical oncology, surgical physiology, pharmacology, bacteriology, biomechanics, embryology, and surgical instrumentation are other fundamental areas of expertise within the specialty. Furthermore, the judgment and technical capacity for achieving satisfactory results are mandatory qualities for the plastic surgeon.

After completing a residency in plastic surgery, a plastic surgeon may subspecialize in:

Hand Surgery

This subspecialty focuses on the investigation, preservation, and restoration by medical, surgical, and rehabilitative means of all of the structures of the upper extremity that directly affect the form and function of the hand and wrist.

American Board of Plastic Surgery

American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons


A urologist is a physician who manages benign and malignant medical and surgical disorders of the adrenal gland and of the genitourinary system. Urologists have comprehensive knowledge of, and skills in, endoscopic, percutaneous, and open surgery of congenital and acquired conditions of the reproductive and urinary systems and their contiguous structures.

American Urological Association

Vascular Surgery

Vascular surgeons care for patients with diseases that affect the arteries and veins throughout the body. Hardening of the arteries,atherosclerosis, is the most common problem that vascular surgeons treat. In addition, vascular surgeons are trained to diagnose and treat strokes, which can be brought on by a blockage or narrowing of the arteries in the neck. Because the damage done by strokes is often irreversible, vascular surgeons must be able to make early diagnoses of potential stroke victims. The surgeon who treats the vascular system must also be able to diagnose and treat aneurysms and blood clots in the arteries and veins, as well as the after effects of conditions of the vascular system.

American Board of Surgery

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Vascular Surgical Societies


What is the most prestigious surgical specialty? ›

Based on our comprehensive analysis, the top most competitive specialties are as follows:
  • Plastic Surgery.
  • ENT.
  • Dermatology.
  • Orthopedic Surgery.
  • Neurosurgery.
  • Thoracic Surgery.
  • Urology.
  • Vascular Surgery.
11 Sept 2022

What is the easiest surgical specialty? ›

General Surgery

For this reason, I've heard a couple damaging stereotypes of this specialty. First, because general surgery is compensated less than other specialties, it's the easiest surgical specialty to get into.

What's the highest paid surgeon? ›

According to the latest statistics, physicians working in the orthopedics specialty are the highest earning doctors in the US, with an average annual income of US$511K.

Which type of surgeon earns the most? ›

Orthopedic surgeons have become one of the highest paid doctors in the world. They diagnose and treat injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. All major sports teams in the U.S and Europe have at least one specialist on standby and pay millions of dollars annually for their services.

Which surgical field is best? ›

Though they tend to be more stressful medical fields—neurosurgery, thoracic surgery, and orthopedic surgery are also generally regarded as providing some of the best lifestyles for physicians.

Which type of surgeon is the best? ›

1. General surgeon. According to information from the ACS, a general surgeon's work involves a broad range of conditions affecting various areas of the body. It's an incredibly versatile specialty that offers training in many conditions and types of procedures, including endoscopic procedures and video-assisted surgery ...

What are the different levels of surgeons? ›

The Top Heads of a Hospital Medical Hierarchy
  • Medical Director. The directors of a hospital are industry leaders in charge of overseeing every single physician on the staff. ...
  • Head of Department. ...
  • Attending Physician. ...
  • Fellow. ...
  • Chief Resident. ...
  • Senior Resident. ...
  • Junior Resident. ...
  • Intern.

Which surgery is most in demand? ›

Blog Summary. The top specialties that are in demand and offer exceptional career growth are orthopedics, internal medicine, ob-gyn, dermatology, pediatrics, radiology, general surgery, ophthalmology, family medicine, chest medicine, aesthesia, pathology and ENT.

Which surgeon takes the shortest time to become? ›

The shortest residency programs
  • Dermatology: Four years.
  • Neurology: Four years.
  • Ophthalmology: Four years.
  • Physical medicine: Four years.
  • Emergency medicine: Three to four years.
  • Obstetrics-gynecology: Four years.
  • Pathology: Four years.
  • Psychiatry: Four years.
20 Sept 2022

What type of surgeon takes shortest time to become? ›

The easiest surgeon to be is a general surgeon. These physicians treat many kinds of ailments that require surgeries that are usually less complicated than specialty surgeries.

What are the top 5 surgeries? ›

Top 5 surgical procedures
  • Angioplasty (Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - PCI)
  • Knee Replacement.
  • Hip Replacement.
  • Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

What are major surgeries? ›

Major surgery is any invasive operative procedure in which a more extensive resection is performed, e.g. a body cavity is entered, organs are removed, or normal anatomy is altered. In general, if a mesenchymal barrier is opened (pleural cavity, peritoneum, meninges), the surgery is considered major.

What is the most common surgery in the world? ›

C-sections are the most common major surgery performed on human beings anywhere in the world and the most common in the U.S. They have become 500 percent more common over the last generation of moms.

What is the lowest paid medical Doctor? ›

It should be noted that pediatricians have the lowest annual salary out of any specialty on our list; however, they also work fewer hours than most specialties. The biggest draw for pediatrics is that you get to work with children and adolescents.

Is a surgeon higher than a Doctor? ›

All surgeons must first qualify as doctors, so they will have a basic medical degree which includes the principles of medicine and surgery. The title of this degree varies according to the university attended.

What are the top 5 highest paid doctors? ›

Read on to find out the highest paying medical jobs in 2022.
  • 10 Highest Paying Medical Jobs in 2022. ...
  • Cardiologist. ...
  • Anesthesiologists. ...
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. ...
  • Emergency Medicine Physicians. ...
  • Orthopedic Surgeons, Except Pediatric. ...
  • Dermatologists. ...
  • Radiologists.
8 Aug 2022

What type of surgeon makes millions? ›

The highest-paid doctors in the US are in surgical specialties such as plastic surgery, neurosurgery, or orthopedic surgery and report earning over half a million ($500,000) per year on average.

Which type of doctors are the richest? ›

Top 19 high-paying doctor jobs
  • Surgeon.
  • Dermatologist.
  • Orthopedist.
  • Urologist.
  • Neurologist.
  • Orthodontist.
  • Anesthesiologist.
  • Cardiology physician.

Which is the highest degree in Doctor? ›

A Doctor of Medicine (MD) is the highest degree for physicians and surgeons.

What surgeons are the happiest? ›

10 Happiest Doctor Specialities that offer the Best Lifestyle
  • Dermatology.
  • Anesthesiology.
  • Ophthalmology.
  • Pediatrics.
  • Psychiatry.
  • Clinical Immunology/Allergy.
  • General/Clinical Pathology.
  • Nephrology.
9 Jun 2022

How old is the youngest doctor in the world? ›

17 years, 294 days

Which branch of doctors earn the most? ›

The following are the highest paid doctor jobs in the order of increasing salaries:
  1. Cardiologist. National average salary: ₹3,64,840 per year. ...
  2. Nephrologist. National average salary: ₹3,79,732 per year. ...
  3. Orthopaedic surgeon. National average salary: ₹4,78,829 per year. ...
  4. Urologist. ...
  5. Neurologist. ...
  6. Oncologist. ...
  7. Surgeon. ...
  8. Pulmonologist.
22 Nov 2021

What is the longest surgical operation? ›

The most protracted operation reported lasted for 96 hours and was performed on 4-8 February 1951 in Chicago, Illinois, USA on Mrs Gertrude Levandowski (USA) for the removal of an ovarian cyst. During the operation her weight fell 280 kg (616 lb / 44 st) to 140 kg (308 lb / 22 st).

What's the easiest doctor to be? ›

Least Competitive Medical Specialties
  1. Family Medicine. Average Step 1 Score: 215.5. ...
  2. Psychiatry. Average Step 1 Score: 222.8. ...
  3. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Average Step 1 Score: 224.2. ...
  4. Pediatrics. Average Step 1 Score: 225.4. ...
  5. Pathology. Average Step 1 Score: 225.6. ...
  6. Internal Medicine (Categorical)
20 May 2021

What is the longest standard surgery? ›

Q: What was the longest operation ever? A: Actually, the longest surgery on record occurred in 2001 and lasted more than four straight days—103 hours to be exact. A team of 20 doctors at Singapore General Hospital worked in shifts to separate Ganga and Jamuna Shrestha, 11-month-old twins conjoined at the head.

What doctors work the least hours? ›

Of note, allergy and immunology physicians also spend the least amount of time on paperwork and administrative tasks out of any specialty on our list, at just 14.6 hours per week. For perspective, this is a similar amount of time to dermatology, which is known for being one of the best lifestyle specialties.

Do you get paid during residency? ›

But unlike medical school, newbie doctors will get paid while studying during their residency. These newbie doctors know very little about being a resident. The knowledge they have about it might even be myths.

What age is too late for medical school? ›

There is no age limit for medical school. You can become a doctor in your 30s, 40s, 50s, and even 60s. In the end, medical schools want students who will make good physicians. Age is not a factor.

What is the riskiest type of surgery? ›

A surgery that requires stopping the heart will have a higher risk than a surgery to remove tonsils, but both can still result in death. Trauma surgery, an emergency surgery to save the life of an injured patient who will die without an intervention, is an example of a very high-risk surgery.

What is the riskiest surgery to perform? ›

1. Craniectomy. One of the riskiest, if not the riskiest medical operation an individual can experience is a craniectomy, according to URMC.

What is the most common female surgery? ›

Dilation and curettage are one of the most common female surgeries, and they are sometimes recommended if:
  • You had a miscarriage.
  • You have abnormal bleeding during or outside of your period.
  • You had an abortion.
  • You have or might have polyps, fibroids, cancer, or other uterine problems.
16 Nov 2021

How many years is it to become a surgeon? ›

It can take at least 13 years after high school to become a surgeon. That includes four years for an undergraduate degree, four years for a medical degree, and five years for a residency.

What is Level 3 surgery? ›

Level 3. • Moderate to significantly invasive procedure. • Blood loss potential 500-1,500 cc. • Moderate risk to patient independent of anesthesia. Includes: hysterectomy, myomectomy, cholecstectomy, laminectomy, hip/knee.

What are the 4 classifications of surgery? ›

There are different types of surgery and surgeries can be classified according to surgical urgency. The terms used by National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD) to classify the types of surgery were Emergency, Urgent, Scheduled and Elective.

Which surgeries are safest? ›

LASIK is the safest, most successful and most studied elective procedure in the world. It has the highest patient satisfaction rate, and it has continually improved over the last two decades.

What is the number one surgery in America? ›

Additional Topics and Archives
RankProcedureRate per 100,000 population
1Arthroplasty knee223.0
2Percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PTCA)170.3
3Laminectomy, excision intervertebral disc149.1
4Hip replacement, total and partial149.1
14 more rows

Which doctor has the most prestige? ›

Among medical specialties, neurosurgery and thoracic surgery ranked highest. At the bottom were geriatrics and dermatovenerology (the treatment of skin diseases associated with venereal diseases). What makes a disease or specialty more prestigious?

What is the most complex medical specialty? ›

A Note for Medical Students

Apart from the top 5 specialties mentioned above, Interventional Radiology, Radiation Oncology, Vascular Surgery, General Surgery and Med/Peds are among the most difficult domains to become a doctor.

What is the best surgeon Field? ›

Though they tend to be more stressful medical fields—neurosurgery, thoracic surgery, and orthopedic surgery are also generally regarded as providing some of the best lifestyles for physicians.

Which medical specialty has the brightest future? ›

The top medical specialties that have the largest potential in...
  • General practice. Making a long-term impact on a patient's life is exactly why many doctors choose this specialty. ...
  • Radiology. ...
  • Ophthalmology. ...
  • Sports medicine and rehabilitation. ...
  • Oncology. ...
  • Dermatology. ...
  • Emergency Medicine. ...
  • Gastroenterology.
7 Jul 2021

What is the highest title a doctor can have? ›

Primary duties: A medical director is the highest level of a doctor, and they hold the most power and responsibility in a hospital or clinic. They coordinate and direct medical and health services for an entire facility or a medical department within a facility.

What type of doctor takes the shortest time to become? ›

A general practice doctor is probably the easiest doctor to become. Even though students must complete four years of medical school and one or two years of a residency, this is the minimum amount of education required for medical doctors.

At what age do most surgeons retire? ›

Although the ACS doesn't favor a mandatory retirement age for surgeons, the association's paper recognizes that physical and cognitive skills decline with age, particularly after age 65, and therefore suggests that an objective assessment of surgeons' abilities should be performed beginning between the ages of 65 and ...

What is the easiest specialty? ›

The following medical specialties are those that ranked the lowest and are, therefore, the easiest to match into, relatively speaking.
The 10 Least Competitive Specialties in Medicine
  • Family Medicine.
  • Pediatrics.
  • Psychiatry.
  • Emergency Medicine.
  • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.
  • Neurology.
  • Child Neurology.
  • Pathology.
10 Sept 2022

What is the rarest doctor specialty? ›

Below are some of the rarest doctors you've probably never even heard of:
  • Geriatric Medicine Specialists.
  • Hospice and Palliative Medicine Specialists.
  • Physiatrists.
  • Podiatrists.
  • Sleep Medicine Specialists.
  • Hyperbaric Physicians.
  • Neonatologists.
  • Perinatologists.
21 Sept 2018

What is the safest medical specialty? ›

Rest easy about anesthesia. Patients are in the arms of the safest medical specialty — physician anesthesiologists — the pioneers of quality and patient safety.

Which specialty has smartest doctors? ›

When society generally thinks of doctors, they are thinking of internists. They are often the smartest and most well- rounded physicians due to the breadth of knowledge they (along with family medicine physicians) often carry.


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